The study examined the effect of training on employee productivity in the Benue State Ministry of Agriculture. The study was guided by two objectives. Two research questions were answered by the study while two null hypotheses were formulated and tested. The study adopts survey research design. The population of the study consists of all 58 employees of the organization. The entire population constituted the sample for the study, hence there was no sampling. The instrument of data collection was a structured questionnaire. The instrument was subjected to face and content validity. Cronbach alpha method was used to establish the internal consistency of the questionnaire items which yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.80. Data collected were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Descriptive statistics of mean (real limits of numbers) and standard deviation was used to answer the research questions while chi-square statistics was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed that off- the- job training to a high extent, affect employee productivity; on- the- job training to a very high extent, affect employee productivity in the organization. It was recommended that, management should stimulate training that workers require to improve their performance and capabilities, which consequently increase organizational productivity as well. The training should be designed on the basis of organizational specific needs and objectives. Management of the organization should encourage on- the- job training in order to impact knowledge and skills that enhance employee productivity and the organization in general.